Plant Growth and Climate Change

James I. L. Morison, Michael Morecroft, quot;Plant Growth and Climate Change (Biological Sciences Series)quot; Wiley-Blackwell (December 11, 2006) | English | 1405131926 | 232 pages | File type: PDF | 2.11 mb
Evidence grows daily of the changing climate and its impact on plants and animals. Plant function is inextricably linked to climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. On the shortest and smallest scales, the climate affects the plant#8217;s immediate environment and so directly influences physiological processes. At larger scales, the climate influences species distribution and community composition, as well as the viability of different crops in managed ecosystems. Plant growth also influences the local, regional and global climate, through the exchanges of energy and gases between the plants and the air around them.
Plant Growth and Climate Change examines the major aspects of how anthropogenic climate change affects plants, focusing on several key determinants of plant growth: atmospheric CO2, temperature, water availability and the interactions between these factors. The book demonstrates the variety of techniques used across plant science: detailed physiology in controlled environments; observational studies based on long-term data sets; field manipulation experiments and modelling. It is directed at advanced-level university students, researchers and professionals across the range of plant science disciplines, including plant physiology, plant ecology and crop science. It will also be of interest to earth system scientists.
Climatic conditions are key determinants of plant growth, whether at the scale of temperature regulation of the cell cycle, or at the scale of the geographic limits for a particular species. The climate is changing, due to human activities - particularly the emission of greenhouse gases - and therefore the conditions for the establishment, growth, reproduction, survival and distribution of plant species are changing.This volume explores plant growth and anthropogenic climate change, considering the effects of ecology on physiology, and agricultural as well as wider vegetation science. It focuses on the features of climate that are important to plants, emphasising aspects of temporal pattern, seasonality and extremes. Individual chapters discuss the mechanisms underlying physiological and ecological responses to the key variables in climate change - in particular, changing plant function over time (acclimation) and also between species (adaptation), functional types and growth forms. The complexities of these interactions are illustrated with reviews of recent experimental manipulations of plants at the community level in a wide range of environments, and the roles and limitations of the models widely used to predict plant growth and productivity from climate information are examined.
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